Throughout her long reign, Isabella also strove to strengthen royal authority at the expense of the Cortes (Spanish parliament) and the towns. Although Isabella and Henry were to some extent reconciled, the long-threatened war of succession broke out at once when the king died in 1474. A third suitor, the French duc de Guiènne, was sidestepped, and without Henry’s approval she married Ferdinand in October 1469 in the palace of Juan de Vivero, at Valladolid. But each kingdom continued to be governed according to its own institutions. The King complied. ... Proyecto HISTORIA - Isabel I de Castilla, la Católica - 1ª Parte - Duration: 40:10. Omissions? Le roi Ferdinand II, roi d’Aragon et sa femme Isabelle, reine de Castille décident de confier cette mission à un génial artilleur, qui venait de restaurer l’Alhambra après sa victoire contre les maures, Francisco Ramiro Lopez. At court she encouraged such notable scholars as Pietro Martire d’Anghiera, whom she set up as the head of a new palace school for the sons of the nobility. Despite the fact that she had a younger brother, Alfonso, and that her early years were spent quietly with her mother at Arévalo, Isabella was soon drawn into Castilian politics. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Isabella took a close interest in the conduct of the war and seems to have been responsible for improved methods of supply and for the establishment of a military hospital. Isabelle Ire de Castille dite Isabelle la Catholique, née en 1451, morte en 1504 est une reine de Castille (Espagne). According to Pugh, the possibility that Holland was the father of Isabella's favourite son, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, 'cannot be ignored'. A policy of reforming the Spanish churches had begun early in the 15th century, but the movement gathered momentum only under Isabella and Talavera. The union of their two kingdoms permanently united Spain and brought about a global empire after the successful voyages to the New World. Instead, her daughter Joan, wife of Philip I and mother of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V, became the heiress of Castile. In 1491 she and Ferdinand set up a forward headquarters at Santa Fe, close to their ultimate objective, and there they stayed until Granada fell on January 2, 1492. 23 relations. Although Villena and his supporters hoped to control Isabella, they soon learned that they could not. Active in court politics but more cooperative toward Henry than her full brother Alfonso had been, she was made Henry’s heir and took the throne when he died in 1474. As between the Portuguese and Aragonese candidates, she herself, no doubt assisted in her decision by her small group of councillors, came down in favour of Ferdinand of Aragon. She accompanied her elder sister, Constance, to England after Constance's marriage to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and married Gaunt's younger brother, Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York. But, undoubtedly, she played a large part in establishing the court as a centre of influence. Updates? Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Spanish Aristocrat, daughter illegitimate Emperor Carlos V and Germana de FoixQueen, born to 1519 and deceased to 1565. For example, for the vacant see of Cuenca in 1478 she rejected the Italian cardinal appointed by the pope, who four years later accepted her alternative Spanish candidate. With prudence she comments on the basis of her political program—the unity of the states of the Iberian Peninsula, the maintenance of control over the Strait of Gibraltar, and a policy of expansion into Muslim North Africa, of just rule for the Indians of the New World, and of reform in the church at home. With her blue eyes, her fair or chestnut hair, and her jewels and magnificent dresses, she must have made a striking figure. Isabella was almost as interested in education as she was in religion. With the capture of Granada, the main work of the orders had been done, and a process that envisaged their ultimate absorption into the lands of the crown was logical and sensible. However, further largesse which might have been expected when Richard came of age was not to be, as King Richard II was deposed in 1399, and according to Harriss, Isabella's younger son, Richard, 'received no favours from the new King, Henry IV'. For the tombs of Edmund of Langley and Isabella of Castile, see 'Friaries: King's Langley priory', A History of the County of Hertford: Volume 4 (1971), pp. Isabel I of Castilla, llamada the Catholic (Madrigal de las Altas Torres, 22 de abril de 1451—Medina del Campo, 26 de November of 1504) fue reina de Castilla desde 1474 hasta 1504, y reina consorte de Sicilia desde 1469 y de Aragón en 1479. While she was at Santa Fe another event with which the queen was to become personally associated was in the making, for Columbus visited her there to enlist support for the voyage that was to result in the European settlement of America. Although the story of her offering to pledge her jewels to help finance the expedition cannot be accepted, and Columbus secured only limited financial support from her, Isabella and her councillors must receive credit for making the decision to approve the momentous voyage. However, this offered little comfort to the queen because by 1501 Joan had already shown signs of the mental imbalance that would later earn her the title of “the Mad.”. She steps into the void left by character Dana Mosier, who decided to retire during the Season 1 finale of … Her choice of spiritual advisers brought to the fore such different and remarkable men as Hernando de Talavera and Cardinal Cisneros. It is difficult to disentangle Isabella’s personal responsibility for the achievements of her reign from those of Ferdinand. These orders had been exploited for too long by the nobility and were the subject of intense rivalry among those who sought to be elected master of one or other of them. Biographie Famille. There is little doubt that this represented the culmination of a long and popular movement against non-Christians and doubtful converts, which had manifested itself frequently in the late Middle Ages in Castile. Henry seems to have wanted his half sister to marry Afonso V, king of Portugal. She married Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III, King of England and Philippe de Hainaut, between 1 March 1372 and 30 April 1372 at Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. Editor of Spain in the Fifteenth Century; coeditor of Europe in the Late Middle Ages. In it she sums up her aspirations and her awareness of how much she and Ferdinand had been unable to do.  After Isabella's death, Edmund of Langley married Joan Holland, sister and co-heir of Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent (9 January 1382 – 15 September 1408), with whom his daughter, Constance, had lived as his mistress (see above). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. When her father, John II, died, her half brother became king of Castile as Henry IV. Listen to Musique à la cour de Ferdinand II d'Aragon et d'Isabelle de Castille 1474-1576 by Gabriel Hernandez & Stefano Pando on Deezer. Three years after she was born, her half brother became king of Castile as Henry IV. Loading... Unsubscribe from Benjamin Ramon? Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. She was the queen of Castille after 1474 and of Aragon after her marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1479. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. View the profiles of people named Isabelle Castille. Isabelle de Castille (1355-1393), épouse en 1372 Edmond d'Angleterre (° vers 1341 - † 1402 ), duc d'York, dit Edmond de Langley. queen of Spain. Isabella I was not originally heir to the throne. 1519-ca. Elle a régné de 1474 à 1504. , On 21 September 1371 Edward III's fourth son, John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, married Isabella's elder sister, Constance (d. 1394), who after the death of their father in 1369 claimed the throne of Castile. , As a result of her indiscretions, including an affair with King Richard II's half-brother, John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (d. 1400), whom Pugh terms 'violent and lawless', Isabella left behind a tarnished reputation, her loose morals being noted by the chronicler Thomas Walsingham. If the overall impression is inevitably piecemeal, it is also clear that Isabella gave to her successors an exceptional document. On March 1, 1372, Isabella married Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, he was the fourth son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, at Wallingford, England. The new Special Agent in Charge on FBI is Isobel Castille. In terms of accomplishments, Isabella I unified Spain through her marriage to Ferdinand II of Aragon, and she financed the expedition of Christopher Columbus, leading to the discovery of the Americas. Isabelle de Castille (fille d'Henri II de León), épouse de Gonzalo Núñez de Guzmán. Isabelle de Castille. Isabella accompanied her sister to England, and on 11 July 1372, at about the age of 17, married John of Gaunt's younger brother, Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, fifth son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, at Wallingford, Oxfordshire, as part of a dynastic alliance in furtherance of the Plantagenet claim to the crown of Castile. Isabelle De Castille Benjamin Ramon. , In her will Isabel named King Richard as her heir, requesting him to grant her younger son, Richard, an annuity of 500 marks. The queen and her advisers hardly needed Columbus to remind them of the opportunity now offered for the spreading of Christianity. Biography of Isabel de Castilla (ca. Castile, an arid land of sheepherders, great landowning churchmen, and crusading knights, and Aragon, with its Catalan miners and its strong ties to Mediterranean Europe, made uneasy partners; but a series of…, …her and recognized his sister Isabella as heir to the throne in the Pact of Los Toros de Guisando in 1468. Queen Isabella I, also known as Isabella the Catholic, is famous as the queen who financed Christopher Columbus's voyages to the New World. When in 1492 Talavera became archbishop of Granada, his place at the queen’s side was taken by Cisneros, for whom the monarchs secured the crucial position of archbishop of Toledo in 1495. He now rejected Isabella’s claim to the throne and preferred that of Joan, for whom he sought the hand of the duc de Guiènne. Isabelle de Castille (1355  à Tordesillas † 23 décembre 1392 ), duchesse d'York et comtesse de Cambridge, est l'épouse d'Edmond de Langley. Three years after her birth her half brother became king as Henry IV. Upon the death of John II of Aragon in the same year, the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon came together in the persons of their rulers. She accompanied her elder sister, Constance, to England after Constance's marriage to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and married Gaunt's younger brother, Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York. The king encouraged this group by going back on the accord of 1468 on the grounds that Isabella had shown disobedience to the crown in marrying Ferdinand without the royal consent. The prospect of an Aragonese consort led to the development of an anti-Aragonese party that put forward the claims of a rival heiress, Henry’s daughter Joan, known as la Beltraneja by those who believed that her true father was Beltrán de la Cueva, duque de Albuquerque. Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York (1355 – 23 December 1392) was the daughter of King Peter and his mistress María de Padilla (d. 1361). In 1974, centuries after her death, Isabella of Castile and her … , Isabella died 23 December 1392, aged about 37, and was buried 14 January 1393 at the church of the Dominicans at Kings Langley. At the same time display was matched with religious feeling. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Editor of. https://www.lesechos.fr/2003/11/isabelle-de-castille-reine-polemique-678264 Noté /5. The Netherlands nobility were delighted to see this enormous accretion of power to their ruler and looked forward to the advantages that…. The queen was still concerned with these problems when she died in 1504. Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castile in Valladolid, thus beginning a cooperative reign that would unite all the dominions of Spain and elevate the nation to a dominant world power. 446–451. The last decade of her reign took place against a background of family sorrows brought about by the deaths of her only son and heir, Juan (1497); of her daughter Isabella, queen of Portugal, in childbirth (1498); and of her grandchild Miguel (1500), who might have brought about a personal union between Spain and Portugal. She was brought to court when she was 13 and at the age of 17 was already recognized as Henry’s heir. Yet the unexpected discoveries quickly brought fresh problems to Isabella, not the least of which was the relationship between the newly discovered “Indians” and the crown of Castile. Fille de Jean II Trastamare (1406-1454), roi de Castille, Isabelle, née le 2 avril 1451, monte sur le trône grâce à une loi dynastique qui n'en exclut pas les filles et à l'appui des grands du royaume, auxquels doit céder son demi-frère, le roi Henri IV, en déshéritant sa propre fille. She was a younger sister of Constance, Duchess of Lancaster. The two sovereigns were certainly united in aiming to end the long process of Reconquista by taking over the kingdom of Granada—the last Muslim stronghold in Spain. Isabelle de Castille (1283-1328), épouse en 1310 Jean III, duc de Bretagne. Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York (1355 – 23 December 1392) was the daughter of King Peter and his mistress María de Padilla (d. 1361). Biographie Modifier Elle est la troisième fille de Pierre I er le Cruel , roi de Castille [ 1 ] , et de sa maîtresse, Marie de Padilla . The opposing faction, which put forward the counterclaims of Joan, included the archbishop of Toledo; a former supporter, the master of Calatrava (an influential military order); and the powerful young marqués de Villena. Subsequently, she successfully rejected the suggestion that the pope’s nephew should become archbishop of Sevilla. View the profiles of people named Isabelle de Castille. She was supported by an important group of Castilian nobles, including Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza, the constable of Castile (a Velasco), and the admiral (an Enríquez), who was related to Ferdinand’s mother. Isabelle de Castille (1355 à Tordesillas – « Isabella of Castile (1355–1392) »,, dans Anthony Tuck, « Edmund, first duke of York (1341–1402) », Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, édition en ligne, janvier 2008. Emeritus Fellow of Merton College, Oxford; former Lecturer in Modern History, University of Oxford. Isabella of Castile While not the primary candidate for the throne few can deny the talents and virtues of the young princess Isabella. Ferdinand, indeed, in his first will (1475) made Isabella his heir in Aragon and openly declared the advantages his subjects would derive from the union with Castile. The first four years of Isabella’s reign were thus occupied by a civil war, which ended in defeat for her Castilian opponents and for the Portuguese king (February 24, 1479). …Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile brought two great Hispanic kingdoms together under a single dynasty. Yet, however meritorious the expulsion may have seemed at the time in order to achieve greater religious and political unity, judged by its economic consequences alone, the loss of this valuable element in Spanish society was a serious mistake. She also sought candidates of high standards; judged by her choices of men such as Talavera and Cisneros, Isabella was remarkably effective in achieving her objective.
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